Uttarakhand formerly known as Uttaranchal is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the “Devabhumi”(literally “Land of the Gods”).The native people of Uttarakhand are generally called Uttarakhandi and sometimes specifically either Garhwali or Kumaoni depending on their place of origin in either the Garhwal or Kumaon region. The official language of Uttarakhand is Hindi. The other major regional languages of Uttarakhand are Garhwali, mostly located in the western half of the state & Kumaoni, spoken in the eastern half of the state.
Costumes of Garhwali women
The Traditional dress of women in uttrakhand is basically a saree that is worn in a specific manner but the fabric differs with region.
The saree is worn with complete pleats with a full sleeve blouse and then draped from the front and the remaining pallu is tied in the waistband. This kind of draping does not let them interfere during the household chores and they can freely work in fields as well. And mostly a cotton fabric is worn over the waist by the women that help them to carry their stuff.
Also a headscarf is worn that helps them to carry harvest and covering the head is also believed to be respectful.
The fabric of the blouse is woolen for people staying in colder regions basically in upper ranges and people staying in lower range prefer cotton wear.
Costumes of Kumaoni women
The women in Uttarakhand for eventually who belong to Kumaoni region wear a long skirt with long sleeve shirt (typically called blouse) that is called Ghagri, along with a choli and orni. Out of which Rangwalipichhaura is a very popular traditional outfit in Uttarakhand. This dupatta is considered to be very holy and is worn by women in their respective auspicious occasion including wedding and religious ceremonies. It is made of a yellow fabric with big red circular motif printed on it and the border of fabric is stitched with lace and kinari or jhalar is stitched to make it more colourful& attractive.
Costumes of Garhwali & Kumauni Men
Although the regions are quite different, but the attire is quite similar of Garhwaliâ€™s and Kumauniâ€™s. The traditional dress for men here is basically Kurta-Pyjamas and over it some prefer wearing half jacket. In colder areas men prefer wearing sweater over it and in lower ranges men ace it with Nehru jacket. Many men here could be found wearing Lungi or dhoti with Kurta.
Also for natives in hilly terrain has to walk too much to accomplish their day to day responsibility. So, they prefer attires that can be more comfortable.
Also, Men are fond of wearing topis and that gives a complete traditional look to their outfit.
Even in recent times, men usually wear kurta pyjamas or kurta dhoti in their respective wedding and religious ceremonies